Institutional Context

Trade, by its nature, is a cross-cutting issue. The National Trade Facilitation Committee coordinates all the various government and non-government entities involved in trade.

The Ministry of Industry and Commerce is responsible for coordinating both internal and external trade, including negotiating trade deals, developing trade strategies and policies, promoting exports, and coordinating cross-government trade facilitation activities. The Ministry has two directorates for trade – one for internal trade, i.e. within the country, and another for external trade, i.e. between Mozambique and other countries. The Ministry has provincial delegations in each province, and also provides services to traders through their ‘Single Windows’ (Balcões de Atendimento Único). A key service provided by these is the licensing of traders to carry out import and export activities. All traders must be registered and obtain their ‘external trade operator card’ (Registration as an Importer or Exporter) which can be for imports, exports, or both.

Equally critical for trade is the Directorate-General of Customs, which defines and implements customs policies and procedures.

A number of other government and non-government institutions are involved in trade, including those which issue licenses and certificates for import or export, regulate trade in specific products, define national quality standards and represent private sector stakeholders.

For more information about the institutions mentioned on this page, follow the links below.