Trade Data

The overall volume of Foreign Trade was considerably higher in 2018 compared to the previous year.

In 2018, foreign goods were traded in the total amount of USD 11 956.5 million against the USD 10 471 million registered in 2017, which corresponds to a positive variation of 14.2%. However, this figure still remained below the highest levels reached in 2013 (US $ 14 122 853 thousand) and 2014 (US $ 13 472 153 thousand).

The trade balance deteriorated by USD 911.7 million to a deficit of USD 1 931.9 million in 2018, compared with the previous USD 1,020.1 million in 2017 (the most favorable figure ever). total value of USD 5,012.2 million, equivalent to just over 6.1% compared to USD 4,725.3 million registered in 2017. The inflow of goods into the country totaled USD 6,944.2 million, corresponding to a growth of 20.9% compared to USD 5,745.4 million in 2017. Excluding megaprojects, exports stood at USD 1,794.4 million (up 19.1% from 2017) while imports were USD 5,952.8 million (up 18.1% over 2017). ).

International Trade in Goods – Overall Indicators, 2017-2018

International Trade in Goods

2017

2018

Variação

10USD

10USD

10USD

Overall volume of trade 

10 470 700

11 956 463

14.2

Total exports

4 725 302

5 012 287

6.1

Exports excluding mega-projects

1 506 816

1 794 424

19.1

Total imports

5 745 398

6 944 175

20.9

Imports excluding mega-projects

5 011 078

5 952 864

18.8

Overall coverage (%)

82.25

72.18

-10.1*

Coverage excluding mega-projects (%)

30.07

30.14

0.1*

Trade balance

-1 020 095

-1 931 888

-911 793*

Trade balance excluding mega-projects

-3 504 263

-4 158 440

-654 177

* For these indicators, the variation is absolute
Source: INE

Of the 130 countries that received goods from Mozambique, the most important were in structural terms India (27.3%), South Africa (17.4%), Netherlands (12.2%), China (4.8%) and Singapore (4.6%). Regarding the structure of imports by countries, out of the 206 countries of origin of goods that entered the country in 2018, the most important were 2017, South Africa (27.8%), China (11.5%), United Arab Emirates. United States (7.5%), Netherlands (7.5%) and India (7.1%).

In the period under review, the main groups of exported goods were Mineral Fuels in the amount of USD 2,304.2 million, representing 46% (- 5 PP compared to 2017) and Common Metals with USD 1,350.5 million (26.9%). This product group accounts for 72.9% of goods sold abroad, indicating high dependence and little export diversification.

The main groups of imported goods were Mineral Fuels with a value of USD 1 603.7 million corresponding to 23.1%, Machinery and Apparatus with USD 1 331.2 million (16.3%) and agricultural products with USD 872.6 million (12.2%). Nearly half (48.7%) of the value of goods leaving the country in 2018 was processed at the customs offices of Maputo Province, followed by Nampula Province (13.1%) and Maputo City (11.8%). In the entries, the same resorts with different quotas also stand out: Maputo Province (43.1%), Maputo City (28.9%) and Nampula (9.8%).

For more statistics on trade, consult the publication Estatísticas do Comércio Externo de Bens - Moçambique 2018,  e o site do Instituto Nacional de Estatística.